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C. Abbey, CanmetENERGY
J. Chahwan and G. Joos, McGill University
M. Gattrell, National Research Council of Canada
CETC Number 2006-222 / 2006-11-29
Although many of the issues related to wind integration are related to longer term dynamics, accurate transient models are becoming increasingly important—for testing of controls, study of short-term dynamics, and validation of reduced order models. Furthermore, accurate transient models of complementary technologies, such as energy storage, are required in order to investigate how one might mitigate some of the negative characteristics of wind energy. Transient models thus serve as a means of investigating the merits of these technologies, before actual field demonstration. This paper discusses the development of transient models for wind turbine generators and various promising storage technologies. The detailed models of the most common variable wind turbine generators are presented, together with a Vanadium Redox flow battery model. Operation of the two is given for both normal conditions and in response to transient phenomenon, namely three phase faults.
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